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Gum Disease

Gum disease is a persistent bacterial infection and inflammation around and under the teeth gums and bones that cause a progressive and irreversible destruction of the teeth support.

Teeth lose their support, caused by the progressive infection and irreversible destruction of the bone, making them loose and prone to falling if the periodontal infection receives no treatment.

Gum disease, periodontal disease or pyorrhea is a chronic infectious disease around the tooth, also known as periodontal infection. “Periodontal” means around the tooth.

Gum disease (periodontal infection) is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults.

Infections are common and usually approached and attacked by our immune system, stopping any bacteria from growing, defeating it and making the infection disappear. But with gum disease, our immune system is not able to prevent bacteria from developing and the progressive infection.

This bacterial infection is related to severe medical problems like heart attacks and diabetes. Maybe because once we swallow, bacteria can travel to other organs and could affect their normal function.

Gum disease (periodontal infection) is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

It is a risk factor for diabetic patients because treatments will be at risk due to the lack of blood glucose control.

Good periodontal health = healthy body.

Prevention and treatment highly advised.

Gum disease symptoms

Visit a periodontist as soon as you notice any of these symptoms and prevent the progression of the disease.

    • It can start with redness and bleeding of the gums (spontaneous or when brushing teeth)

    • Swollen gums

    • Sore, itchy or weak gums

    • Abscess between the teeth

    • Teeth mobility or separation between them.

    • Halitosis or bad breath

    • Gingival retraction. The more extended appearance of the teeth.

It is crucial to know that gum disease can be progressing under the teeth and gums without being noticed. Visit your dentist regularly to prevent any possible infection.

Causes of Gum Disease

    • Tobacco. Smoking increases the risk of developing chronic periodontitis.

    • Stress. Reduce blood circulation in small vessels and salivary flow.

    • Age.

    • Bacterial plaque. A local factor for gingivitis to become periodontitis.

    • Systemic diseases. Local infections that affect body tissues

    • Dietary deficiency

    • Deficient oral hygiene

Gum disease prevention

A patient/dentist oral health care combination.

    • Brush your teeth every day; when you get out of bed in the morning and after every meal or food intake.

    • Use dental floss

    • Avoid high sugar intake.

    • Visit your dentist for regular dental cleaning and checkup.

Good oral hygiene and regular professional checkups will make a significant difference between gum disease prevention and progression.

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